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Nutrient and antinutrient distribution of edible mushroom, Pleurotus tuber-regium (fries) singer



Akindahunsi, A.A. (Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Technology); Oyetayo, F.L.

Source: Food Science and Technology, v 39, n 5, June, 2006, p 548-553

Publisher: Academic Press

Abstract:

Edible mushroom Pleurotus tuber-regium, separated into cap, stalk, and tuber, was analysed. The macronutrient profile (g/100 g) showed crude protein ranging from 4.1 to 13.8, with the highest concentration in the cap (13.8) than any of the other parts and total carbohydrates from 34.0 to 56.2, while the crude fat and ash contents were generally low. Potassium, the most abundant nutritive element was found to be the highest concentration (mg/g) in the stalk (3.3) while copper was found in trace amounts in all the parts. The total cyanide (mg/100 g), phytate (mg/100 g) and tannin (%TA) concentrations were all below levels considered harmful. Amino acids analysis show that the protein contained all essential amino acids while the calculated amino acids scores showed the sulphur containing amino acids to be most limiting. The foregoing highlights the high nutritive values of the major parts of the edible mushroom, Pleurotus tuber-regium.